The Albanian Parliament

The Parliament of Albania used to be known as the People’s Parliament. It is made up of 140 members and each member has been elected for 4-year terms. There is an electoral list that has chosen the majority of the members of Parliament in Albania. At the moment there are twelve multi member constituencies and this is to represent the 12 regions that are administrative in the country. As with all constituencies, the Albanian parties have to meet with a threshold that has three per cent of the votes. Anyone that wants to be pre-election coalition has to have five per cent of the votes and all laws that are passed in the parliament are printed and published by the Albanian Official Journal, this is in fact the official published document of the government in Albania and the countries official journal.

When Was The Albanian Parliament First Dated Back To?

The Albanian parliament was first set up back in 1912 when the Albanians gained independence from the Ottoman Empire. A place called the National Assembly of Vlora was made during Albanian Congress on the twenty eighth of November in 1912. The Assembly of Vlora served as a legislative body in the country for 2 years, until 1914.

Later in 1914, the International Commission of Control prepared a draft that had a total of 216 articles written in it. It would be used to help provide the establishment with a national assembly that offered power of legislation in Albania like a formal hereditary constitutional monarchy.

The constitution said that the country would with a few exceptions have the same administrative organisation as it did have when the Ottoman Empire were in charge. It would be sectioned into seven administrative districts and each one of those districts would be able to select three people to represent the national assembly who would have 4 years in term. The Prince of Albania would also nominate 10 representatives whom were representing all three religions in the country, one for the Catholics, one for the Muslims and one for the Orthodox people. They would be present at the national assembly and would each serve 4 years in term. The Prince of Albania was the one that would appoint the Council of Ministries.

In 1920 things changed again with the creation of the senate. This was set up by the Lushnja Congress, and was the very first parliament that served in the country. It later changed name to the Albanian parliament and there were thirty-seven members whom were elected by delegates for  congress.

It was an organised political set up and they could take the countries law into their own hands. When this happened, several laws of importance were passed. The most important one was the statute of Lushnja that founded constitutional law. This all ended in 1920 and the country started to prepare for their very first election. The first Albanian election was dated to the year 1921, and it took place in March.

When the elections took place, there were a total of 78 deputies. The council was renamed as parliament and there were different chambers of deputies. One was the Peoples Party, and the other was The Progressive Party.

Then in 1924 to 25 the country wrote a constitution and this drafted the basics for the countries future. Between 1925 to 1928, the country became a republic and a president was elected by the people. Many of the changes happened after the war and then the complete rebirth of Albanian law was founded in 1991. This took place after 5 decades and parliamentarianism was reborn there. The very first election took place on the 31st of March in 91. Back then, there were 250 members. Over time, it was supplemented and on the 21st of October in 98 a new constitution was adopted, this was done with a lot of outside help from international organisations.

It was gradually supplemented by a number of other constitutional laws and by the adoption of a comprehensive new constitution. On the 21st of October1998, parliament adopted a new constitution, drafted with the help of international organisations. The new constitution created the opportunity to better understand the political system in Albania and the role of its participants. The People’s Assembly of Albania was unicameral, with 140 members.

Current Parliament in the Republican of Albania

Currently the President is elected by the parliament. The current members were chosen in 2009.Now, the government of Albania is aiming towards becoming members of the EU and this is an on going process.